Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1635 Cases
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4159 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 682 Cases
Article 7217 Cases
Article 896 Cases
Article 953 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1449 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1881 Cases
Article 1950 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2597 Cases
Article 2622 Cases
Article 279 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2924 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 323 Cases
Article 3326 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35143 Cases
Article 3628 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3891 Cases
Article 39243 Cases (1) The buyer loses the right to rely on lack of conformity of the goods if he does not give notice to the seller specifying the nature of the lack of conformity within a reasonable time after he has discovered it or ought to have discovered it.

(2) In any event, the buyer loses the right to rely on a lack of conformity of the goods if he does not give the seller notice thereof at the latest within a period of two years from the date on which the goods were actually handed over to the buyer, unless the time limit is inconsistent with a contractual period of guarantee.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Buyer's obligation to give seller notice of lack of conformity of goods 33
1.1 Requirements for notice 20
1.1.1 Specification of nature of lack of conformity 34
1.2 Time of notice 50
1.2.1 Within reasonable time, but never more than two years, after buyer discovers or should have discovered lack of conformity 121
Country Date Court
Arbitral Award 00-00-1989 ICC Court of Arbitration - Paris
Arbitral Award 00-10-1995 ICC Court of Arbitration
Arbitral Award 05-06-1998 Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce - Stockholm, Sweden
Arbitral Award 11-02-2000 Tribunal of International Commercial Arbitration at the Russian Federation
Arbitral Award 21-10-2005 CIETAC China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission
Arbitral Award 11-12-2020 American Arbitration Association – International Centre for Dispute Resolution
Cases: 6
Austria 14-01-2002 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 19-12-2007 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 02-04-2009 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 31-08-2010 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 16-12-2015 Oberster Gerichtshof
Cases: 5
Belgium 05-10-1994 Tribunal de Commerce de Bruxelles, 7ème ch.
Belgium 16-12-1996 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Kortrijk
Belgium 21-01-1997 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
Belgium 27-06-1997 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Kortrjik
Belgium 19-05-1999 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
Belgium 29-01-2001 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Ieper
Belgium 08-03-2001 Cour d'Appel, Mons
Belgium 25-04-2001 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Veurne
Belgium 23-05-2001 Hof van Beroep, Gent
Belgium 18-01-2002 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Mechelen
Belgium 06-03-2002 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
Belgium 10-05-2004 Hof van Hoger Beroep, Gent
Belgium 04-06-2004 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Kortrijk
Belgium 20-09-2005 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
Cases: 14
Canada 31-08-1999 Ontario Superior Court of Justice
Cases: 1
China 19-11-2005 Guanzhou Intermediate People’s Court
Cases: 1
Croatia 24-02-2009 High Commercial Court
Cases: 1
Denmark 10-11-1999 Vestre Landsret (Western High Court)
Cases: 1
Egypt 23-06-2020 Supreme Court
Cases: 1
Finland 24-05-2005 Court of Appeal of Turku
Cases: 1
France 19-01-1998 Tribunal de Commerce de Besançon
France 06-11-2001 Cour d'Appel de Paris
France 18-12-2003 Cour d'Appel de Lyon
France 26-10-2004 Cour d'Appel de Poitiers
France 16-09-2008 Cour de Cassation
France 03-02-2009 Cour de Cassation
France 08-04-2009 Cour de Cassation
France 27-11-2012 Cour de Cassation
France 12-09-2013 Cour d'appel Bordeaux
France 04-11-2014 Cour de Cassation
France 27-11-2014 Cour d'appel d'Aix-en-Provence
France 07-01-2016 Cour d'appel de Bourges
France 21-06-2016 Cour de Cassation
France 26-10-2022 Cour de Cassation
Cases: 14
Germany 31-08-1989 Landgericht Stuttgart
Germany 03-04-1990 Landgericht Aachen
Germany 16-09-1992 Landgericht Berlin
Germany 30-09-1992 Landgericht Berlin
Germany 09-12-1992 Landgericht Frankfurt am Main
Germany 08-01-1993 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
Germany 10-02-1994 Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf
Germany 23-06-1994 Landgericht Düsseldorf
Germany 08-02-1995 Oberlandesgericht München
Germany 05-04-1995 Landgericht Landshut
Germany 21-08-1995 Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart
Germany 29-01-1996 Amtsgericht Augsburg
Germany 25-06-1997 Oberlandesgericht Karlsruhe
Germany 03-06-1998 Oberlandesgericht Saarbrücken
Germany 03-11-1999 Bundesgerichtshof
Germany 30-11-1999 Landesgericht Köln
Germany 05-12-2000 Oberlandesgericht Oldenburg
Germany 14-02-2001 Saarländisches Oberlandesgericht
Germany 20-02-2002 Landgericht München
Germany 02-07-2002 Landgericht Saarbrücken
Germany 22-08-2002 Oberlandesgericht Schleswig
Germany 21-03-2003 Landgericht Berlin
Germany 30-06-2004 Bundesgerichtshof
Cases: 23
Italy 12-07-2000 Tribunale di Vigevano
Italy 13-12-2001 Tribunale di Busto Arsizio
Italy 11-12-2008 Tribunale di Forlì
Italy 27-01-2009 Tribunale di Bolzano
Italy 16-02-2009 Tribunale di Forlì
Italy 12-04-2011 Tribunale di Reggio Emilia
Italy 24-01-2014 Tribunale di Trento
Italy 29-05-2015 Tribunale di Trento
Italy 05-07-2019 Tribunale di Pisa
Italy 26-01-2021 Corte di Cassazione
Cases: 10
Netherlands 21-11-1990 Arrondissementsrechtbank Dordrecht
Netherlands 19-12-1991 Arrondissementsrechtbank Roermond
Netherlands 06-05-1993 Arrondissementsrechtbank Roermond
Netherlands 21-11-1996 Arrondissementsrechtbank Rotterdam
Netherlands 17-06-1997 Gerechtshof's Arnhem
Netherlands 15-12-1997 Gerechtshof's Hertogenbosch
Netherlands 20-02-1998 Hoge Raad
Netherlands 27-04-1999 Hof Arnhem
Netherlands 04-02-2005 Hoge Raad
Netherlands 02-01-2007 Gerechtshof's-Hertogenbosch
Netherlands 16-01-2009 Rechtbank Breda
Netherlands 09-03-2010 Gerechtshof's-Arnhem
Netherlands 05-01-2022 Rechtbank Noord-Holland
Cases: 13
Poland 27-11-2018 Szczecin Court of Appeal
Cases: 1
Romania 06-06-2003 Inalta Curte de Casatie si Justitie
Cases: 1
Slovenia 05-01-2021 High Court of Ljubljana
Cases: 1
Spain 03-10-2002 Audiencia Provincial de Pontevedra
Spain 29-03-2005 Juzgado de primera instancia - Tudela
Spain 06-11-2006 Audiencia Provincial de Girona
Spain 08-04-2008 Audiencia Provincial de Valencia
Spain 14-07-2009 Audiencia Provincial de Madrid
Spain 16-02-2012 Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Provincial High Court
Spain 11-05-2012 Fuenlabrada Court of First Instance
Spain 07-12-2016 Audencia Provincial - Cadiz
Cases: 8
Switzerland 27-04-1992 Pretura di Locarno-Campagna
Switzerland 30-06-1995 Gerichtskommission Oberrheintal
Switzerland 08-01-1997 Obergericht Kanton Luzern
Switzerland 10-10-1997 Cour de Justice Genève
Switzerland 29-06-1998 Tribunal Cantonal de Sion
Switzerland 07-07-2004 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Switzerland 10-10-2005 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Switzerland 18-05-2009 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Cases: 8
Turkey 16-04-2019 9th Commercial Court, Istanbul
Turkey 31-03-2022 Istanbul Bolge Adliye Mahkemesi (Istanbul Regional Appellate Court)
Cases: 2
USA 17-12-2001 U.S. District Court, S.D., Michigan
USA 28-05-2003 U.S. District Court, North. District, Illinois, East. Div.
USA 21-05-2004 U.S. District Court, North. District, Illinois, East. Div.
USA 23-08-2006 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
USA 18-03-2008 U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Kentucky
USA 30-03-2010 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
USA 19-08-2010 U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Arkansas, Western Division
USA 12-03-2015 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
USA 23-08-2016 U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
Cases: 9
1.2.1.1 Contractual agreement for different period of guarantee 15
1.2.2 Waiver of the defence that notice is not timely 10
2 Failure to give timely notice 56
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 4410 Cases
Article 4540 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49114 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5116 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5377 Cases
Article 5410 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5925 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6124 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6314 Cases
Article 6428 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6717 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7318 Cases
Article 74151 Cases
Article 7548 Cases
Article 7617 Cases
Article 7744 Cases
Article 78228 Cases
Article 7940 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8135 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8429 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 867 Cases
Article 874 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3729