Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1633 Cases (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Material scope of application 2
1.1 Contract of sale of goods 20
1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant 0
1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software 5
1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale 1
1.1.3.1 Distributorship agreements 27
1.1.3.2 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.) 11
1.2 Parties with places of business in different States 47
Country Date Court
Arbitral Award 00-06-1996 ICC Court of Arbitration
Arbitral Award 16-02-1998 Bulgarska turgosko-promishlena palata (Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
Cases: 2
Austria 15-10-1998 Oberster Gerichtshof
Austria 26-11-2018 Oberster Gerichtshof
Cases: 2
Belarus 04-06-2003 Supreme Economic Court of the Republic of Belarus
Belarus 10-04-2008 Economic Court of the City of Minsk
Cases: 2
Belgium 08-03-2001 Cour d'Appel, Mons
Belgium 03-10-2007 Rechtbank van Koophandel, Hasselt
Cases: 2
Czech Republic 29-01-2019 Supreme Court of the Czech Republic
Cases: 1
Denmark 04-12-2000 Oestre Landsret (Eastern High Court)
Cases: 1
Finland 18-12-2013 Turku Court of Appeal
Cases: 1
France 22-04-1992 Cour d'Appel de Paris, 15ème chambre, section A
France 04-01-1995 Cour de Cassation
France 22-12-2006 Tribunal de Grande Instance de Strasbourg
France 04-11-2014 Cour de Cassation
France 09-07-2019 Cour de Cassation
France 26-10-2022 Cour de Cassation
France 21-11-2023 Cour d‘appel de Besançon
Cases: 7
Georgia 26-09-2011 Supreme Court
Cases: 1
Germany 28-02-2000 Oberlandesgericht Stuttgart, 5. Zivilsenat
Germany 21-11-2007 Oberlandesgericht Koblenz
Cases: 2
Italy 11-12-1998 Corte di Appello di Milano
Italy 26-11-2002 Tribunale di Rimini
Italy 29-05-2015 Tribunale di Trento
Italy 17-06-2019 Tribunale di Trieste
Cases: 4
Mexico 30-08-2005 Sixth Civil Court of First Instance, Tijuana, Baja California
Cases: 1
Netherlands 01-12-1999 Rechtbank Middelburg
Netherlands 09-07-2008 Arrondissementsrechtbank Maastricht
Netherlands 16-01-2009 Rechtbank Breda
Netherlands 19-08-2015 Rechtbank Den Haag
Cases: 4
Norway 07-06-2013 Agder Appeals Court
Cases: 1
Poland 27-01-2006 Supreme Court of Poland
Poland 11-05-2007 Supreme Court of Poland
Poland 16-04-2019 Court of Appeal of Warsaw
Cases: 3
Russian Federation 13-02-2006 Tribunal of Int'l Commercial Arbitration at the Russian Federation Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Russian Federation 03-10-2011 Federal Arbitration Court of the North Caucasus Area, Krasnodar
Cases: 2
Spain 17-12-2019 Ad hoc Arbitration
Spain 06-07-2020 Tribunal Supremo
Cases: 2
Switzerland 15-01-1998 Tribunale di Appello di Lugano, seconda camera civile
Switzerland 15-12-1998 Tribunale di Appello di Lugano, seconda camera civile
Switzerland 11-07-2000 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Switzerland 15-09-2000 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Switzerland 20-04-2016 Tribunale d'appello del Ticino
Switzerland 28-05-2019 Schweizerisches Bundesgericht
Cases: 6
USA 18-03-2008 U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Kentucky
USA 18-01-2011 U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York
USA 23-08-2016 U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York
Cases: 3
1.2.1 Concept of place of business 3
1.2.2 Concept of different States 3
1.2.2.1 Undisclosed foreign principal 0
2 Territorial scope of application 15
2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States 356
2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law 107
2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties 22
2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract 68
3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria' 13
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4159 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 682 Cases
Article 7216 Cases
Article 896 Cases
Article 953 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1449 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1881 Cases
Article 1950 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2597 Cases
Article 2622 Cases
Article 279 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2924 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 323 Cases
Article 3326 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35143 Cases
Article 3628 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3890 Cases
Article 39242 Cases
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 449 Cases
Article 4540 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49113 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5116 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5376 Cases
Article 549 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5924 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6123 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6314 Cases
Article 6428 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6717 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7318 Cases
Article 74151 Cases
Article 7548 Cases
Article 7617 Cases
Article 7744 Cases
Article 78228 Cases
Article 7940 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8135 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8429 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 867 Cases
Article 874 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3718