Selected Cases by Article & Issues

Article 1635 Cases (1) This Convention applies to contracts of sale of goods between parties whose places of business are in different States:

(a) when the States are Contracting States; or

(b) when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Contracting State.

(2) The fact that the parties have their places of business in different States is to be disregarded whenever this fact does not appear either from the contract or from any dealings between, or from information disclosed by, the parties at any time before or at the conclusion of the contract.

(3) Neither the nationality of the parties nor the civil or commercial character of the parties of the contract is to be taken into consideration in determining the application of this Convention.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Material scope of application 2
1.1 Contract of sale of goods 20
1.1.1 Civil or commercial character of the contract not relevant 0
1.1.2 Contracts for the sale of software 5
1.1.3 Contracts similar to contract of sale 1
1.1.3.1 Distributorship agreements 27
1.1.3.2 Other cases (barter, counter-trade, works contracts, etc.) 11
1.2 Parties with places of business in different States 47
1.2.1 Concept of place of business 3
1.2.2 Concept of different States 3
1.2.2.1 Undisclosed foreign principal 0
2 Territorial scope of application 15
Country Date Court
Australia 12-10-2001 Supreme Court of Queensland - Court of Appeal
Cases: 1
Brazil 09-05-2019 Court of Appeal, State of Santa Catarina
Cases: 1
China 24-12-2018 Higher People's Court Jiangsu Province
China 29-10-2019 Intermediate People's Court Beijing
Cases: 2
France 21-06-2016 Cour de Cassation
France 06-07-2023 Cour d'Appel Douai
Cases: 2
Italy 29-12-2016 Corte Suprema di Cassazione
Italy 24-07-2018 Tribunale di Arezzo
Italy 26-01-2021 Corte di Cassazione
Cases: 3
Poland 23-07-2015 Warsaw Court of Appeal
Cases: 1
Spain 11-05-2012 Fuenlabrada Court of First Instance
Cases: 1
USA 09-03-1999 State of Minnesota, County of Hennepin District Court, Fourth Judicial District
USA 18-01-2017 U.S. District Court, Florida
USA 09-02-2018 U.S. District Court, Minnesota
USA 25-01-2022 Supreme Court of the State of New York, Albany County
Cases: 4
2.1 Parties situated in Contracting States 358
2.2 Application of law of Contracting State based on rules of private international law 107
2.2.1 Application of Convention based on choice of parties 22
2.2.2 Choice of the law of Contracting State as governing law of contract 68
3 Convention as 'lex mercatoria' 13
Article 218 Cases
Article 350 Cases
Article 4159 Cases
Article 51 Cases
Article 682 Cases
Article 7217 Cases
Article 896 Cases
Article 953 Cases
Article 109 Cases
Article 1134 Cases
Article 126 Cases
Article 132 Cases
Article 1449 Cases
Article 150 Cases
Article 163 Cases
Article 170 Cases
Article 1881 Cases
Article 1950 Cases
Article 200 Cases
Article 211 Cases
Article 220 Cases
Article 239 Cases
Article 245 Cases
Article 2597 Cases
Article 2622 Cases
Article 279 Cases
Article 283 Cases
Article 2924 Cases
Article 3017 Cases
Article 3156 Cases
Article 323 Cases
Article 3326 Cases
Article 344 Cases
Article 35143 Cases
Article 3628 Cases
Article 370 Cases
Article 3891 Cases
Article 39243 Cases
Article 4032 Cases
Article 412 Cases
Article 426 Cases
Article 432 Cases
Article 4410 Cases
Article 4540 Cases
Article 4613 Cases
Article 4724 Cases
Article 489 Cases
Article 49114 Cases
Article 5044 Cases
Article 5116 Cases
Article 525 Cases
Article 5377 Cases
Article 5410 Cases
Article 559 Cases
Article 560 Cases
Article 5770 Cases
Article 5820 Cases
Article 5925 Cases
Article 607 Cases
Article 6124 Cases
Article 6224 Cases
Article 6314 Cases
Article 6428 Cases
Article 651 Cases
Article 664 Cases
Article 6717 Cases
Article 680 Cases
Article 696 Cases
Article 701 Cases
Article 7129 Cases
Article 729 Cases
Article 7318 Cases
Article 74151 Cases
Article 7548 Cases
Article 7617 Cases
Article 7744 Cases
Article 78228 Cases
Article 7940 Cases
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8135 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8429 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 867 Cases
Article 874 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3729