Selected Cases by Article & Issues

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Article 7940 Cases (1) A party is not liable for a failure to perform any of his obligations if he proves that the failure was due to an impediment beyond his control and that he could not reasonably be expected to have taken the impediment into account at the time of the conclusion of the contract or to have avoided or overcome it or its consequences.

(2) If the party"s failure is due to the failure by a third person whom he has engaged to perform the whole or a part of the contract, that party is exempt from liability only if:

(a) he is exempted under the preceding paragraph; and

(b) the person whom he has so engaged would be so exempt if the provisions of that paragraph were applied to him.

(3) The exemption provided by this article has effect for the period during which the impediment exists.

(4) The party who fails to perform must give notice to the other party of the impediment and its effect on his ability to perform. If the notice is not received by the other party within a reasonable time after the party who fails to perform knew or ought to have known of the impediment, he is liable for damages resulting from such non- receipt.

(5) Nothing in this article prevents either party from exercising any right other than to claim damages under this Convention.
Number Issue # Cases
1 Exemption for non-performance 9
1.1 Impediment amounting to exemption 12
1.1.1 Conduct of breaching party 2
1.1.2 Strike 1
1.1.3 Non-performance by supplier 7
1.1.4 Non-performance by independent contractor 2
1.1.5 Act of public authorities 6
1.2 Temporary impediments 0
1.3 Obligation to notify other party of impediment 0
2 Consequence of impediment on remedies other than damages 0
2.1 Specific performance 0
2.2 Reduction of price 1
2.3 Avoidance (termination) of contract 3
3 Relation to domestic law 1
3.1 Force majeure, höhere Gewalt, etc. 3
3.2 Frustration 1
3.3 Hardship, gross inequity, imprévision, Wegfall der Geschäftsgrundlage, eccessiva onerosità sopravvenuta, etc. 5
Country Date Court
France 12-06-2001 Cour d'Appel de Colmar
France 04-09-2012 Cour d'Appel de Reims
France 17-02-2015 Cour de Cassation
Cases: 3
Germany 14-05-1993 Landgericht Aachen
Cases: 1
Italy 14-01-1993 Tribunale Civile di Monza
Cases: 1
Article 8014 Cases
Article 8135 Cases
Article 8211 Cases
Article 831 Cases
Article 8429 Cases
Article 855 Cases
Article 867 Cases
Article 874 Cases
Article 8810 Cases
Article 890 Cases
Article 901 Cases
Article 910 Cases
Article 9210 Cases
Article 934 Cases
Article 940 Cases
Article 954 Cases
Article 966 Cases
Article 970 Cases
Article 980 Cases
Article 992 Cases
Article 10022 Cases
Article 1010 Cases
Total Cases in the database 3718