Contracting States

Albania
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
13th May 2009
Inforce:
1st June 2010
Reservations
Argentina
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
19th July 1983
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
In accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, any provisions of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, does not apply where any party had his place of business in the Argentine Republic.
Armenia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
12th February 2008
Inforce:
1st January 2010
Reservations
None
Australia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
17th March 1988
Inforce:
1st April 1989
Reservations
The Convention shall apply to all Australian States and mainland territories and to all external territories except the territories of Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Island and the Ashmore and Cartier Island.
Austria
Signature:
11th April 1980
Approval:
29th December 1987
Inforce:
1st January 1989
Reservations
None
Bahrain
Signature:
1st January 2000
Approval:
25th September 2013
Inforce:
1st October 2014
Reservations
Belarus
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
9th October 1989
Inforce:
1st November 1990
Reservations
In accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention Belarus declares that any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, does not apply where any party had his place of business in the [Belarus].
Belgium
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
31st October 1996
Inforce:
1st November 1997
Reservations
None
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
6th March 1992
Reservations
None [The Convention was signed by the former Yugoslavia on 11-04-1980 and an instrument of ratification was deposited on 27-03-1985, with the Convention entering into force for the former Yugoslavia on 01-01-1988. On 12-01-1994 Bosnia and Herzegovina deposited an instrument of succession, with effect from 06-03-1992, the date of succession of States.]
Brazil
Signature:
1st January 2000
Approval:
4th March 2013
Inforce:
1st April 2014
Reservations
Bulgaria
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
9th July 1990
Inforce:
1st August 1991
Reservations
None
Burundi
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
4th September 1998
Inforce:
1st October 1999
Reservations
None
Canada
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
23rd April 1991
Inforce:
1st May 1992
Reservations
Upon accession the Government of Canada declared, in accordance with Art. 93 of the Convention, that the Convention will extend to Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island and Northwest Territories. Upon accession the Government of Canada declared that, in accordance with Art. 95 of the Convention, with respect to British Columbia, it will not be bound by Art. 1(1)(b) of the Convention. In a notification received on 31-07-1992, the Government of Canada withdrew that declaration. In a declaration received on 09-04-1992 the Government of Canada extended the application of the Convention to Quebec and Saskatchewan. In a notification received on 29-06-1992, Canada extended the application of the Convention to Yukon.
Chile
Signature:
11th April 1980
Approval:
7th February 1990
Inforce:
1st March 1991
Reservations
The State of Chile declares, in accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention, that any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by mutual agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, does not apply where any party had his place of business in Chile.
China
Signature:
30th September 1981
Approval:
12th November 1986
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
The People's Republic of China declares that it does not consider itself bound by sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph 1 of Art. 1. The People's Republic of China declares that it does not consider itself bound by Art. 11 as well as the provisions in the Convention relating to the content of Art. 11. This reservation has been withdrawn in 2013.
Colombia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
7th October 2001
Inforce:
8th January 2002
Reservations
Congo
Signature:
1st January 2000
Approval:
11th June 2014
Inforce:
1st July 2015
Reservations
Costa Rica
Signature:
12th July 2017
Approval:
12th July 2017
Inforce:
1st August 2018
Reservations
Croatia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
8th June 1998
Inforce:
8th October 1991
Reservations
None [Upon succeeding to the Convention, the Republic of Croatia has decided, on the basis of the Constitutional Decision on Sovereignty and Independence of the Republic of Croatia of 25-06-1991, and the Decision of the Croatian Parliament of 8-10-1991, and by virtue of succession of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in respect of the territory of the Republic of Croatia, to be considered a party to the Convention with effect as from 8-10-1991, the date on which the Republic of Croatia severed all constitutional and legal connections with the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and took over its international obligations.]
Cuba
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
2nd November 1994
Inforce:
1st December 1995
Reservations
None
Cyprus
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
7th March 2005
Inforce:
1st April 2006
Reservations
Czech Republic
Signature:
1st September 1981
Approval:
1st April 1990
Inforce:
1st January 1993
Reservations
Pursuant to Art. 95, the Czech Republic declares that it shall not consider itself bound by the provision of Art. 1, paragraph 1, item b), of the Convention. [The Convention was signed by the former Czechoslovakia on 01-09-1981 and an instrument of ratification was deposited on 05-03-1990, with the Convention entering into force for the former Czechoslovakia on 01-04-1991. On 30-09-1993 Czech Republic deposited an instrument of succession, with effect from 01-01-1993, the date of succession of States.] On 22 November 2017, the Czech Republic deposited an instrument with the Secretary-General of the United Nations withdrawing its declaration made under article 95.
Denmark
Signature:
26th May 1981
Approval:
14th February 1989
Inforce:
1st March 1990
Reservations
Denmark will not be bound by Part II of the Convention. Denmark declares, under paragraph 1 of Art. 93, that the Convention shall not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark declares, under paragraph 1 cf. paragraph 3 of Art. 94, that the Convention shall not apply to contracts of sale where one of the parties has his place of business in Denmark, Finland, Norway or Sweden and the other party has his place of business in another of the said States. Denmark declares, under paragraph 2 of Art. 94, that the Convention is not to apply to contracts of sale where one of the parties has his place of business in Denmark, Finland, Norway or Sweden and the other party has his place of business in Iceland.
Dominican Republic
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
1st June 2010
Inforce:
7th January 2011
Reservations
Ecuador
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
27th January 1992
Inforce:
1st February 1993
Reservations
None
Egypt
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
6th December 1982
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None
El Salvador
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
27th November 2006
Inforce:
1st December 2007
Reservations
Estonia
Signature:
20th September 1993
Approval:
20th September 1993
Inforce:
10th January 1994
Reservations
In accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention, any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of this Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in the Republic of Estonia. This reservation has been withdrawn in 2004.
Fiji
Signature:
7th June 2017
Approval:
7th June 2017
Inforce:
1st July 2018
Reservations
Finland
Signature:
26th May 1981
Approval:
15th December 1987
Inforce:
1st January 1989
Reservations
With reference to Art. 92, Finland will not be bound by Part II of the Convention. With reference to Art. 94, in respect of Sweden in accordance with paragraph (1) and otherwise in accordance with paragraph (2) the Convention will not apply to contracts of sale where the parties have their places of business in Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland or Norway.
France
Signature:
27th August 1981
Approval:
6th August 1982
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None
Gabon
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
15th December 2004
Inforce:
1st January 2006
Reservations
Georgia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
16th August 1994
Inforce:
1st September 1995
Reservations
None
Germany
Signature:
26th May 1981
Approval:
21st December 1989
Inforce:
1st January 1991
Reservations
The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany holds the view that Parties to the Convention that have made a declaration under Art. 95 of the Convention are not considered Contracting States within the meaning of sub-paragraph (1)(b) of Art. 1 of the Convention. Accordingly, there is no obligation to apply - and the Federal Republic of Germany assumes no obligation to apply - this provision when the rules of private international law lead to the application of the law of a Party that has made a declaration to the effect that it will not be bound by sub-paragraph (1)(b) of Art. 1 of the Convention. Subject to this observation the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany makes no declaration under Art. 95 of the Convention. [The Convention was signed by the former German Democratic Republic on 13-08-1981, ratified on 23-02-1989 and entered into force on 01-03-1990.]
Ghana
Signature:
11th April 1980
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
- - -
Reservations
Greece
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
1st December 1998
Inforce:
2nd January 1999
Reservations
None
Guinea
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
23rd January 1991
Inforce:
1st February 1992
Reservations
None
Guyana
Signature:
25th September 2014
Approval:
25th September 2014
Inforce:
1st October 2015
Reservations
Honduras
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
10th October 2002
Inforce:
11th January 2003
Reservations
Hungary
Signature:
11th April 1980
Approval:
16th June 1983
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
Hungary states, in accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention, that any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, does not apply where any party had his place of business in the [Hungary]. Hungary considers the General Conditions of Delivery of Goods between Organizations of the Member Countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance/GCD CMEA, 1968/1975, version 1979/ to be subject to the provisions of Art. 90 of the Convention. All reservations originally made by Hungary have been withdrawn on 6 July 2015. The withdrawal of the declarations will take effect on 1 February 2016.
Iceland
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
5th October 2001
Inforce:
6th January 2002
Reservations
Iraq
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
5th March 1990
Inforce:
1st April 1991
Reservations
None
Israel
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
22nd January 2002
Inforce:
1st February 2003
Reservations
Italy
Signature:
30th September 1981
Approval:
11th December 1986
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None
Japan
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
1st July 2008
Inforce:
1st August 2009
Reservations
Kyrgyzstan
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
11th May 1999
Inforce:
1st June 2000
Reservations
None
Latvia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
31st July 1997
Inforce:
1st August 1998
Reservations
In accordance with Arts. 12 and 96, any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification of termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, does not apply where any party had his place of business in Latvia.
Lebanon
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
21st November 2008
Inforce:
1st December 2009
Reservations
None
Lesotho
Signature:
18th June 1981
Approval:
18th June 1981
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None
Liberia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
16th September 2005
Inforce:
1st October 2006
Reservations
Lithuania
Signature:
18th January 1995
Approval:
18th January 1995
Inforce:
2nd January 1996
Reservations
In accordance with Arts. 96 and 12, any provisions of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract for sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in Lithuania. This reservation has been withdrawn in 2013.
Luxembourg
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
30th January 1997
Inforce:
1st February 1998
Reservations
None
Macedonia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
22nd November 2006
Inforce:
- - -
Reservations
Madagascar
Signature:
1st January 2000
Approval:
24th September 2014
Inforce:
1st October 2015
Reservations
Mauritania
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
20th August 1999
Inforce:
1st September 2000
Reservations
Mexico
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
29th December 1987
Inforce:
1st January 1989
Reservations
None
Moldova
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
13th October 1994
Inforce:
1st November 1995
Reservations
None
Mongolia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
31st December 1997
Inforce:
1st January 1999
Reservations
None
Montenegro
Signature:
23rd October 2006
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
3rd June 2006
Reservations
Netherlands
Signature:
29th May 1981
Approval:
13th December 1990
Inforce:
1st January 1992
Reservations
None
New Zealand
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
22nd September 1994
Inforce:
1st October 1995
Reservations
Upon accession, the Government of New Zealand declared that the accession did not extend to the Cook Islands, Nieu or Tokelau.
Norway
Signature:
26th May 1981
Approval:
20th July 1988
Inforce:
1st August 1989
Reservations
In accordance with Art. 92 paragraph (1), Norway will not be bound by Part II of the Convention (Formation of the Contract). With reference to Art. 94, in respect of Finland and Sweden in accordance with paragraph (1) and otherwise in accordance with paragraph (2), Norway declares that the Convention will not apply where the parties have their places of business in Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Iceland or Sweden.
Paraguay
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
13th January 2006
Inforce:
1st February 2007
Reservations
In accordance with articles 12 and 96 CISG, any provision of article 11, article 29 or Part II of the Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by mutual agreement, or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any other form than in writing, does not apply where any party has its place of business in Paraguay.
Peru
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
25th March 1999
Inforce:
1st April 2000
Reservations
None
Poland
Signature:
28th September 1981
Approval:
15th May 1995
Inforce:
1st June 1996
Reservations
None
Republic of Korea
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
17th February 2004
Inforce:
1st March 2005
Reservations
Romania
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
22nd May 1991
Inforce:
1st June 1992
Reservations
None
Russian Federation
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
16th August 1990
Inforce:
1st September 1991
Reservations
The Russian Federation, in accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention declares that any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of this Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing does not apply where any party has his place of business in the Russian Federation. [The Russian Federation continues, as from 24-12-1991, the membership of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the UN and maintains, as from that date, full responsibility for all the rights and obligations of the USSR under the Charter of the UN and multilateral treaties deposited with the Secretary-General.]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
9th December 2000
Inforce:
10th January 2001
Reservations
Pursuant to Art. 95 of the Convention, the State of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines declares that it shall not consider itself bound by the provision of Art.1, paragraph 1, item b) of the Convention.
San Marino
Signature:
1st January 2000
Approval:
22nd February 2012
Inforce:
1st March 2013
Reservations
Serbia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
12th March 2001
Inforce:
- - -
Reservations
Singapore
Signature:
11th April 1980
Approval:
16th February 1995
Inforce:
1st March 1996
Reservations
Pursuant to Art. 95 Singapore will not be bound by sub-paragraph (1)(b) of Art. 1.
Slovakia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
1st January 1993
Reservations
Pursuant to Art. 95, the [Slovak Republic] declares that it shall not consider itself bound by the provision of Art. 1, paragraph 1, item b) of the Convention. [The Convention was signed by the former Czechoslovakia on 01-09-1981 and an instrument of ratification was deposited on 05-03-1990, with the Convention entering into force for the former Czechoslovakia on 01-04-1991. On 28-05-1993 the Slovak Republic deposited an instrument of succession, with effect from 01-01-1993, the date of succession of States.]
Slovenia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
25th June 1991
Reservations
None [The Convention was signed by the former Yugoslavia on 11-04-1981 and an instrument of ratification was deposited on 27-03-1985, with the Convention entering into force for the former Yugoslavia on 01-01-1988. On 07-01-1994 Slovenia deposited an instrument of succession, with effect from 25-06-1991, the date of succession of States.]
Spain
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
24th July 1990
Inforce:
1st August 1991
Reservations
None
Sweden
Signature:
26th May 1981
Approval:
15th December 1987
Inforce:
1st January 1989
Reservations
With reference to Art. 92, Sweden will not be bound by Part II of the Convention (Formation of the Contract). With reference to Art. 94 in respect of Finland in accordance with paragraph (1) and otherwise in accordance with paragraph (2), the Convention will not apply to contracts of sale where the parties have their places of business in Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Iceland or Norway.
Switzerland
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
21st February 1990
Inforce:
1st March 1991
Reservations
None
Syrian Arab Republic
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
19th October 1982
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None
Turkey
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
7th July 2010
Inforce:
1st August 2011
Reservations
Uganda
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
12th February 1992
Inforce:
1st March 1993
Reservations
None
Ukraine
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
3rd January 1990
Inforce:
1st February 1991
Reservations
Ukraine, in accordance with Arts. 12 and 96 of the Convention, declares that any provision of Art. 11, Art. 29 or Part II of this Convention that allows a contract of sale or its modification or termination by agreement or any offer, acceptance or other indication of intention to be made in any form other than in writing, would not apply where any party had his place of business Ukraine.
Uruguay
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
25th January 1999
Inforce:
1st February 2000
Reservations
None
USA
Signature:
31st August 1981
Approval:
11th December 1986
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
Pursuant to Art. 95 the United States of America will not be bound by sub-paragraph (1)(b) of Art. 1.
Uzbekistan
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
27th November 1996
Inforce:
1st December 1997
Reservations
None
Venezuela
Signature:
28th September 1981
Approval:
- - -
Inforce:
- - -
Reservations
Vietnam
Signature:
18th December 2015
Approval:
18th December 2015
Inforce:
1st January 2017
Reservations
None
Zambia
Signature:
- - -
Approval:
6th June 1986
Inforce:
1st January 1988
Reservations
None